terça-feira, 28 de fevereiro de 2017

O futuro é africano

Some of you have heard me in the last few years telling stories about transfers of Chinese labor-intensive manufacturing activities to Africa, to Ethiopia in particular. Read here my former World Bank colleague - ex-Chief Economist - Justin Lin and Andrea Goldstein on it
After decades in the slow lane, Africa's economy has had its foot on the accelerator, with impressive growth since the mid-2000s solidifying its potential as the global economy's next new growth engine. But sustaining rapid development will take…
project-syndicate.org

Salários chineses

 http://www.ilisp.org/.../salario-medio-dos-trabalhadores.../

Salário médio dos trabalhadores na China ultrapassa salários no Brasil e no México

quinta-feira, 23 de fevereiro de 2017

Meu novo artigo sobre balanço comerical (Alemanha e Estados Unidos)

    My new article at Mises
    Germany is currently the country with the largest trade surplus, and many Germans think that this is a good thing. In the United States, the situation is the reverse. The US has the world’s largest trade deficit. It amounts to USD 502.25 billion for 2016.
    mises.org

quarta-feira, 22 de fevereiro de 2017

Kenneth Arrow (1921-2017)

"A 'social welfare function' representing a set of 'social indifference curves' belongs not to 'we' but to whoever writes down, or imagines, the preferences of 'society.'"
Kenneth Arrow
Professor Arrow, one of the most brilliant minds in his field during the 20th…
NYTIMES.COM|POR MICHAEL M. WEINSTEIN

Estrutura do balanço de pagamentos pelo Banco Central

O balanço de pagamentos é o registro estatístico de todas as transações – fluxo de bens e direitos de valor econômico – entre os residentes de uma economia e o restante do mundo, ocorridos em determinado período de tempo.
A série temporal de balanço de pagamentos do Brasil foi elaborada seguindo as diretrizes conceituais estabelecidas na 5ª edição do Manual de Balanço de Pagamentos do Fundo Monetário Internacional - FMI. Esta série está associada a outras que dela são componentes:
  • Transações correntes
  • Conta de capital
  • Conta financeira
  • Erros e omissões
  • Haveres da Autoridade Monetária 
  • MAIS
  • Estados Unidos - inflação na perspectiva histórica



    Economia americana - recuperação atrasada


     Mais

    terça-feira, 21 de fevereiro de 2017

    domingo, 19 de fevereiro de 2017

    A economia não é uma máquina

    Pointing out that the GDP machine isn’t a real machine, and that its levers, pedals, knobs, and buttons are largely imaginary fancies of arrogant imaginations, market-oriented economists invite the scorn of Engineering economists.
    The engineering urge felt my many economists is a fool's errand.
    FEE.ORG|Por Donald J. Boudreaux

    Macri's Argentina


    A Big Year for Macri’s Argentina


    Macri’s early months as president were well received by investors, who applauded his strident attempts to reform Argentina’s sclerotic economy,
    Read more

    sexta-feira, 17 de fevereiro de 2017

    Decadência argentina

    Artigo sobre a longa, lenta, inexorável decadência argentina
    Cesar Maia transcreve em seu blog diário (17/02/2017), traduzindo (com diversas imperfeições no texto), artigo de Orlando J. Ferretes (La Na...
    diplomatizzando.blogspot.com|Por Paulo Roberto de Almeida

    Potencial do Brasil


    Com tudo o que temos neste baita território nacional, somando todas as…
    folhacentrosul.com.br

    quinta-feira, 16 de fevereiro de 2017

    Liberdade econômica do Brasil

      neoliberalismo.
      Lançada hoje, a versão 2017 do Índice de Liberdade Econômica da Heritage…
      ilisp.org|Por Marcelo Faria

    Custo de manutenção also demais

    Feb. 16 (UPI) -- Brazil's navy will decommission its sole aircraft carrier, Sao Paulo, after concluding the vessel's maintenance costs are too high. Navy officials made the decision to retire the aircraft carrier after studies revealed it would take 10 years to upgrade the ship. IHS Janes reports the country will make procuring a replacement the service's third-highest priority after its submarine and Tamandaré-class corvette programs. In the future, the navy plans to domestically construct two new aircraft carriers, each displacing roughly 50,000 tons at sea. According to Brazilian newspaper Estadão, Sao Paulo's demobilization process will begin immediately, and is expected to be complete by ...

    Índica da liberdade econômica


    quarta-feira, 15 de fevereiro de 2017

    Gastos para saúde e expectativa da vida


    Venezuela na beira do colapso


    Hiperinflação na América?


      After seeing the latest string of events unfold right before our eyes, many are openly pondering whether we may see hyperinflation hit the US shores. But...
      huffingtonpost.com

    Como Europa tornou-se rica

    This is how Europe became the richest place on earth: by being politically…
    AEON.CO|POR AEON

    terça-feira, 14 de fevereiro de 2017

    Nova edição da "Sinopse Econômica"

    Nova edição da "Sinopse Econômica"
    CAFECOMDADOS.COM
    Sumário Página 1. Global Economic Overview............ 05 Key Economic Indicators.......................... 06 (2) Top Macro themes.................................. 07 (1) Global Scenario..................................... 08 (1) Emerging Market Scenarios ..................... 09 (1) 2. Economia Brasileira ............................ 10 Indicadores Macroeconômicos.................... 11 (2) Atividade econômica ............................... 12 (2) Inflação, Moeda e Crédito........................ 13 (5) Finanças públicas .................................... 14 (3) Setor externo ....................................... 15 (2) 3. Economia Sergipana ........................... 16 Indicadores Econômicos............................ 17 (2) Atividade econômica ............................... 18 (4) Inflação e Crédito .................................. 19 (5) Finanças públicas .................................... 20 (3) (1) Antony Peter Mueller (2) Luiz Rogério de Camargos (3) Wagner Nóbrega (4) Fábio Rodrigues de Moura (5) Thiago Henrique Rios

    http://cafecomdados.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/boletim_0217.pdf

    sexta-feira, 10 de fevereiro de 2017

    quarta-feira, 8 de fevereiro de 2017

    Por que financiamento público da inovação não funciona

    bookjacket

    Boulevard of Broken Dreams:
    Why Public Efforts to Boost Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital Have Failed--and What to Do About It

    Josh Lerner


    Winner of the 2009 PROSE Award in Business, Finance & Management, Association of American Publishers
    Co-Winner of the 2010 Gold Medal Book Award in Entrepreneurship, Axiom Business

    http://press.princeton.edu/titles/8984.html

    Mais

    terça-feira, 7 de fevereiro de 2017

    A "Lei de Okun" para a economia espanhola













    Gráfico da Semana - Café com Dados
    Em seu artigo original de 1962, Arthur Okun foi o primeiro a notar uma relação negativa estável entre desemprego e produto real. A partir desta relação, que é sobretudo empírica, o nome de Okun foi, mais tarde, associado ao que hoje conhecemos por Lei de Okun. Sabemos que é rara a denominação de “lei” para uma relação macroeconômica. No entanto, será que ela continua válida nos dias atuais? Embora a capacidade de resposta do mercado de trabalho às flutuações do produto varie de país para país, olhemos o caso da Espanha.

     Mais

    Livre comércio na perspectiva dos clássicos

    DAVID HUME: "Nothing is more usual, among states which have made some advances in commerce, than to look on the progress of their neighbours with a suspicious eye, to consider all trading states as their rivals, and to suppose that it is impossible for any of them to flourish, but at their expence.  In opposition to this narrow and malignant opinion, I will venture to assert, that the encrease of riches and commerce in any one nation, instead of hurting, commonly promotes the riches and commerce of all its neighbours; and that a state can scarcely carry its trade and industry very far, where all the surrounding states are buried in ignorance, sloth, and barbarism. It is obvious, that the domestic industry of a people cannot be hurt by the greatest prosperity of their neighbours; and as this branch of commerce is undoubtedly the most important in any extensive kingdom, we are so far removed from all reason of jealousy.  But I go farther, and observe, that where an open communication is preserved among nations, it is impossible but the domestic industry of every one must receive an encrease from the improvements of the others."
    FRÉDERIC BASTIAT: "The one thing that people overlook is that the sort of dependence that results from exchange, i.e., from commercial transactions, is a reciprocal dependence.  We cannot be dependent upon a foreigner without his being dependent upon us.  Now, this is what constitutes the very essence of society. To sever natural interrelations is not to make oneself independent, but to isolate oneself completely."
    DAVID RICARDO: "Under a system of perfectly free commerce, each country naturally devotes its capital and labour to such employments as are most beneficial to each.  This pursuit of individual advantage is admirably connected with the universal good of the whole.  By stimulating industry, by rewarding ingenuity, and by using most efficaciously the peculiar powers bestowed by nature, it distributes labour most effectively and most economically: while, by increasing the general mass of productions, it diffuses general benefit, and binds together by one common tie of interest and intercourse, the universal society of nations throughout the civilized world."
    ADAM SMITH: "The balance of produce and consumption may be constantly in favour of a nation, though what is called the balance of trade be generally against it. A nation may import to a greater value than it exports for half a century, perhaps, together; the gold and silver which comes into it during an this time may be all immediately sent out of it; its circulating coin may gradually decay, different sorts of paper money being substituted in its place, and even the debts, too, which it contracts in the principal nations with whom it deals, may be gradually increasing; and yet its real wealth, the exchangeable value of the annual produce of its lands and labour, may, during the same period, have been increasing in a much greater proportion. The state of our North American colonies, and of the trade which they carried on with Great Britain, before the commencement of the present disturbances, may serve as a proof that this is by no means an impossible supposition."