segunda-feira, 16 de janeiro de 2017

A economia mundial no começo de 2017

The world economy in early 2017
Antony P. Mueller


Presidential transition

The transition in the United States from President Barack Obama to Donald Trump does not run smoothly and adds to the general uncertainty that clouds the beginning of 2017. As the inauguration of the new president gets nearer, the controversies mount. While fierce disputes marked already the electoral campaign, these became even more severe after the election. The quarrels are not confined to the United States. Already during his campaign, the incoming president has provoked severe concerns in Mexico, China, and Europe. Trump has put the role of NATO into doubt and stands for a complete turn-around as to its relation with Russia. Across the globe, concerns are on the rise that the United States will lead the world toward the abyss of protectionism.

As dez leis fundamentais da economia

Agora na versão alemã
16.01.2017 – von Antony P. Mueller. Inmitten von ökonomischen Trugschlüssen, die schier unendlich wiederholt werden, ist es sicherlich hilfreich, sich auf…

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sábado, 14 de janeiro de 2017

Ciclo do crescimento econômico

quinta-feira, 12 de janeiro de 2017

Economistas preocupados com Trump

This foreboding was evident in roughly equal measure among conservative and liberal economists.

In a meeting in Chicago, a fear that their advice will be ignored — and that the new administration’s policies could court economic disaster.

A tragédia da judicialização da sociedade brasileira

País tem um profissional do ramo a cada 209 habitantes, uma das maiores densidades do mundo. Nos EUA, a proporção é um a cada 246 pessoas, e no Reino Unido, um a cada 354

terça-feira, 10 de janeiro de 2017

Teoria de Thomas Malthus

“Economic Ideas: Thomas Malthus on Population, Passions, Property and Politics.”…/economic-ideas-thomas-malthus-populat…/
We live in an amazing time during which human poverty is slowly but surely coming to an end. Even with over 7.4 billion people in the world (compared to 1.1 billion a mere two hundred years ago), food supplies have expanded beyond imagination, resulting in not o...nly enough to eat to sustain this seven-fold increase in human population, but to provide a rising standard of living with far greater nutrition, as well as ease and comfort for more and more people nearly everywhere.
In earlier times, only the imaginers of utopias projected a future time without want and worry for the multitude. And most of these dreamed collectivist dreams of one type or another. One of them was William Godwin 1790s, who prophesied that if man would abolish private property, live and work in common with an equality of material reward a paradise on earth could be man’s.
Thomas Malthus, an ordained minister turned political economist and demographer, challenged Godwin’s utopian dream, in his famous “Essay on the Principle of Population” (1798) by arguing that man’s ability to procreate was a multiple of his ability to bring forth food from the soil. Thus, a world of plenitude would always be beyond man’s reach, with “vice” and “misery” keeping his numbers at a level not too far from the perpetual risk of poverty and starvation. The only avenue to defer or prevent this, Malthus came to argue, was “moral restraint,” the discipline and forethought to defer marriage and children until one had sufficiently established one’s financial ability to support a family above subsistence.
Of course, Thomas Malthus, like many others in his own time, failed to appreciate the potentials for material plenty that the industrial revolution was about to make possible in a political and economic institutional order freed from the heavy hand of government regulation, restriction and command. Economic liberalism unchained the minds and actions of savers, investors, innovative entrepreneurs and industrious workers that has brought about this economic miracle of human betterment and well-being that is coming within the reach of nearly all of mankind.
But, nonetheless, Malthus strongly argued against those like Godwin’s collectivist visions, by emphasizing the importance of individual freedom to guide one’s own life, and the essentiality of private property, without which any chance for human improvement would crumble.
Furthermore, he warned that if freedom and prosperity was to be possible the citizenry had to be alert and resistant to those in government who consistently and persistently believe that they know better than the people and have an insatiable drive for more unconstrained powers to regulation and control society.
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Those of us who have been fortunate enough to have been born in what is often still referred to as the Western World (Europe and North America) rarely appreciate…

A "China da América do Sul"

Os impostos, salários e custos gerais baixos estão dando asas à ambição do…|Por Bloomberg
"Paraguay has the cost of China, with the transit time of Santa Catarina” (a state in southern Brazil), Flavio Rocha, CEO of Guararapes, told local media following his company’s decision to transfer some production from Fortaleza to Paraguay, in 2015.

Brazilians are starting to have second thoughts about the business El Dorado next door.

Produção com capital e tecnologia

Footage of the new Mercedes A-Class production line at the Rastatt plant in Germany. Filmed in 2013.

Pioneiros do pensamento econômico

En este artículo, el Dr. Chafuen reseña la nueva edición del libro de Marjorie Grice-Hutchinson “Early Economic Thought in Spain, 1177-1740” y nos ofrece una vívida imagen de la autora –discípula de Hayek– y de su periplo intelectual. Chafuen, uno de los mayores expertos en la Escuela de Salamanca,…

Recursos para Macro 3: crescimento econômico

Data Shows do livro de texto

Data Shows Crescimento Econômico:

Os fatos do crescimento econômico

Poupança e a acumulação do capital

Progresso tecnológico e crescimento

Progresso tecnológico e desemprego


Fatos do crescimento econômico